Solve your query language problems with these pages

This page includes some tips and tricks for using Wavefront Query Language (WQL), and points to additional information to help you drill down.

Use WQL Examples

The Query Language Examples doc page has sample queries for many use cases. In addition, you can look at our integration dashboards and copy queries from there.

Learn What to Do

Understand how to improve performance and solve problems:

Learn about frequently used functions:

Tips and Tricks from the Pros

Learn How WQL Works

To understand potential problems and to become a power user of WQL, the following pages (some with video) can help:

Use AND, OR, and NOT Operators

You can use the following Boolean operators in query expressions:

  • AND, and
  • OR, or
  • NOT, not

Combining Operators

You can use a combination of AND, OR and NOT operators in query line.

For example:

ts(my_metric AND source=server_1 OR source=server_2 OR env=prod AND NOT app=my_app)

is the same as:

ts(my_metric, source=server_1, source=server_2, env=prod AND NOT app=my_app)

The comma after the metric name is interpreted as AND. Subsequent commas are interpreted as OR.

Using AND Operators Between ts() Expressions

AND and OR operators return boolean output when used between ts() expressions.

For example;

ts(my_metric, source=server_1) and ts(my_other_metric, env=prod) and ts(..) and ..

Returns output as 0 (False) or 1 (True). The value is:

  • 1 if values for all ts() expressions are non-zero
  • 0 if values for all ts() expressions are zero

A boolean query is frequently used in alert conditions when you want to trigger alert only when more than one ts() expression condition is true.

For example, suppose the following alert condition is used;

ts(cpu.percent.metric) > 85 and ts(memory.percent.metric) > 80

That condition will only become true (boolean “1”) when both ts() conditions are true.

Using OR Operators Between ts() Expressions

You can use OR operators between the ts() expressions, like this:

ts(my_metric, source=server_1) or ts(my_other_metric, env=prod) or ts(..) or ..

The output will be a 0 (False) or 1 (True).

  • 1 if any of the ts() expressions have a non-zero value.
  • 0 if all of the ts() expressions have zero values.

Using a Comma to mean AND or OR

Comma can mean AND

A comma “,” immediately after a metric name in a ts() expression is considered an AND operator:

When you use a comma (,) used after the metric, the query engine interprets the comma as AND when executing the query.

For example:

ts(my_metric, source=server_1)

is same as:

ts(my_metric AND source=server_1)

Comma can mean OR

A comma “,” that is not used right after the metric name but somewhere else in the query line is interpreted as an OR operator.

For example:

ts(my_metric, source=server_1, env=prod)

is same as:

ts(my_metric and source=server_1 or env=prod)